The Red Tails
President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the US Army Air Force to create the 99th Pursuit Squadron, the first unit of African American military aviators in the US armed forces. During WW2 many African Americans were still subjected to Jim Crow laws and the American military was racially segregated. The first black fighter pilots became known as the Tuskegee Airmen as they were trained in Tuskegee, Alabama. The the 99th would eventually join three other squadrons of Tuskegee Airmen in the 332nd Fighter Group whose fighter planes were painted with distinctive Red Tails. The Tuskegee Airmen became one of the most highly decorated units in American military history.