A print produced by a printing process in which the image to be printed is rendered on a flat sheet or metal plate or stone and treated to repel ink.
A lithograph is a very high quality machine printed image made by using a 4 color separation process much like how covers of magazines are made.
A serigraph is a silk screened image.
With a serigraph the original oil painting is scanned and separated digitally into each and every color found in the original. A separate silk screen is created for each and every color that was scanned, there are usually from 80 to 130 individual colors in the majority of some serigraphs.
Each silk screen is precisely placed over the serigraph paper, and then by hand squeegee paint for specific color is applied, this single application of paint color must be dry for at least 24 to 48 hours before the next color paint can be applied, it can take a Serographer up to 6 months to produce one run of as many as 500 serigraphs of the same image.
An original work of art is the source from which all copies, reproductions or translations are made. It may also be used to descibe the landmark work of an artist.
Estate signed - Certified
A piece produced with approval of the estate of a deseased artist and signed with a facsimile of the artist's signature.
( TP )Trial Proof
Pre - cursor to a limited edition series, these initial printse pulled so that the artist may examine, refine and perfect the prints to the desired final state.Trial proofs are not generally not signed.
Hors de Commerce H/C
Print identical to the edition print intended to be used as samples to show to dealer and galleries. Thesse proofs may not be signed by the artist.
Printing technique in which a metal plate is first covered with an acid resistant material,thenworkedwith an etching needle to create an intaglio image. The expose metal is eaten away in an acid bath, creating depressed lines that are later inked for printing.
A remarque is a small original pencil drawing by the artist in the border at the bottom of a print. The drawing usually relates to or highlights some aspects of the print and is a unique way for the artist to personalize the print. Remarques are numbered separately from the total edition.
A print made from a carving of an image or design in a block of wood, the wood is inked, and the raised image is transferred to fine art paper.
Printers Proof P/P
Common practice by many printers is that a small number of impressions are made for their review. These proofs are marketed and are identical impressions to the edition in most iinstances. Print marking example : P/P 1/50 is the first print of an edition of 50.
Limited Edition Prints L/E
A fixed number of identical prints of an image, signed by the artist, sequentially numbered, and showing both the print's numbered, and showing both the print's number and total edition size. Each print is refered to as a limited edition print.
Giclee or Digital Print
A fine art print that has become more precise with the advent of the revolutionary printing process, Giclee
" zhee - clay " a French term meaning,
" Spray of Ink." In the Giclee process, fine stream of ink, " more than four million droplets per second " is sprayed onto archival art paper or canvas, each piece of paper or canvas is carefully hand mounted onto a drum which rotates during printing, exact calculation of hue, value and density direct the ink from four nozzles, this produces a combination of 512 chromatic changes with over three million colors possible of highly saturated non-toxic water based ink, since no screens are used in giclee printing the prints have a higher resolution than lithographs, and the dynamic color range is greater than serigraphs.
Descriptive of art that employs more than one medium - e.g., a work that combines paint, natural materials bones, wood, pebbles and man made items glass, plastic, metals into a single image or piece of art.
Open Edition OE
The quantity of prints reproduced is not limited.
As long as the image is in demand, it will be reprinted.
Artist Proof A/P
Common practice is 10 to 15 percent
of an edition is reserved for the artist. These
proofs are identical to impressions in the
edition in most instances. Print marking
example : A/p 1/50 is the first print of an edition of 50 Artist Proof impressions.